by Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air Waste Management, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, for sale by the National Technical Information Service in Research Triangle Park, N.C, Springfield, Va .
Written in English
|Statement||by C.E. Burklin ; Radian Corporation.|
|Series||EPA ; 450/3-77-030, EPA (Series) -- 450/3-77-030.|
|Contributions||United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards., Radian Corporation.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||49, 30 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||49|
EPA/ October REVISION OF EMISSION FACTORS FOR PETROLEUM REFINING U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Office of Air and Waste Management Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards Research Triangle Park, North Carolina emission factor). k References 2, m References 2, If refinery feed rate is known, rather than vacuum feed rate, assume vacuum feed is 36% of refinery feed. Refinery feed rate is defined as the crude oil feed rate to the atmospheric distillation column. EMISSION FACTORS 1/95 File Size: KB. In general, refining is significantly less profitable than other petroleum industry segments. This chapter examines global refining capacity. It discusses factors affecting the refinery economics, such as costs, products prices, refinery complexity and on-stream factors. BACKGROUND DOCUMENT PROPOSED REVISION TO AP EMISSION FACTORS FOR ESTIMATING PM EMISSIONS FROM GAS-FIRED COMBUSTION UNITS Submitted by: Karin Ritter American Petroleum Institute L Street NW Washington, D.C. Prepared by: MACTEC Federal Programs, Inc. Herndon Parkway, Suite Herndon, Virginia File Size: 2MB.
In terms of refinery itself, catalytic cracking, FPHS, catalytic reforming, crude oil distillation, cooling water system and diesel hydrotreating should be responsible for the most of environmental burdens generated from petroleum refining. Direct emissions from these units accounted for more than 50% of the total unit-level environmental Author: Yeye Liu, Sheng Lu, Xuejun Yan, Sulian Gao, Xiaowei Cui, Zhaojie Cui. The petroleum refining industry is an important contributor to VOCs emissions, accounting for approximately 3% of the total anthropogenic VOCs emissions (Wei et al., ). In , the petrochemical industry become one of the first batch of pilot industries to implement VOCs Pollution Pilot Charge Method published in China. An emission factor -based method using the quantity of unstabilized crude oil received at the facility, the pressure difference between the previous storage pressure and atmospheric pressure, the mole fraction of CH. 4. in the vented gas (using either a measured or a default value), and an emission factor provided in the rule. PETROLEUM REFINING AND THE PROD UCTION OF ULSG AND ULSD OCTO Page 2 2. PETROLEUM REFINING AT A GLANCE Petroleum refining is a unique and critical link in the petroleum supply chain, from the wellhead to the pump. The other links add value to petroleum mainly by moving and storing it (e.g., liftingFile Size: KB.
PROTOCOL FOR THE ESTIMATION OF PETROLEUM REFINERY PROCESS PLANT FUGITIVE VOC EMISSIONS iv FOREWO RD The majority of refinery volatile organic carbon (VOC) emissions are from diffuse emission sources. The se ca n b e 'area ' sou rces s uc h a s stora ge ta nk s or ' po int' sou rces s uc h a s pre ssuri sed com po ne ntsFile Size: 74KB. lists the emission factors for direct process emissions in the petroleum refinery. are discussed in this section on petroleum refining emissions: . Table. - The following process emission sources 'C -. vacuum distillation, - catalytic cracking, - thermal cracking processes, - utility boilers, heaters, - compressor engines, *. As listed above, we have developed seven new emission factors and one revised emission factors in AP based on our review of approximately test reports collected during the Refinery ICR, development of a peer-reviewed study on Parameters for Properly Designed and Operated Flares, and data submitted during the public comment period. Petroleum has many uses, and the environmental impact of the petroleum industry is correspondingly extensive and expansive. Crude oil and natural gas are primary energy and raw material sources that enable numerous aspects of modern daily life and the world supply has grown quickly over the last years to meet the demands of rapidly increasing human population, creativity, and.